So now that you’ve decided to enroll in the NASM CPT program, I’ll tell you exactly what you need to know to pass the test on the first try.
ABOUT THE EXAM
As a recap from part 1, here is a little bit about what to expect from taking the NASM exam.
- There are 120 multiple choice questions
- You have 120 minutes (2 hours) to complete the exam
- You cannot use any scratch paper during the test
- You must score a 70% or better to pass
- There are 20 unscored questions used for possible future test questions
- You must bring a form of ID with a photo and a current CPR/AED card or certification
Check out the NASM study guide PDF to be able to see all of the information that could possibly be covered on the test.
THINGS YOU ABSOLUTELY HAVE TO KNOW TO PASS THE TEST
Here are a list of my top 5 components that you absolutely need to know in order to pass the test, and what I consider the most important information. There will be a handful of questions on the test based on these topics. Make sure you know these inside and out.
1. OPT MODEL & ACUTE VARIABLES
The entire test is centered around the OPT model. Know each level and phase and the goals of each level and phase. Every bit of the exercises come down to the OPT model.
You also need to know all of the acute variable for each phase of the OPT model, this includes # of sets, # of reps, tempo, rest interval duration, exercise selection…etc.
This is a very important section in the book where a handful of the test questions come from.
Know all of the compensations listed and which muscles are overactive and underactive. This shows up twice in two different tables in the textbook. The image below is from Chapter 7, Flexibility, and there are a few tables in Chapter 6, in the Assessments chapter. Know all of the compensations for Pronation Distortion Syndrome, Upper and Lower Crossed Syndrome, and the Overhead and Single-Leg Squat compensations.
The way that I thought about overactive versus underactive muscles is to consider the overactive muscles the “tight” or “shortened” muscles, while think of the underactive muscles as the “weak” or “lengthened” muscles. That way you can have a visual in your head to help you remember the compensations.
3. MUSCLE ISOLATED FUNCTIONS
This is a necessity. Study Appendix D which details the muscular system and each muscle’s function. You don’t need to know the points of origin and insertion for the muscles (though it helps knowing what they’re attached to), but you 100% do need to know their isolated functions.
The muscles that I would know like the back of my hand would be the: Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Biceps Femoris (short head), Vastus Medialis (VMO), Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius, TFL, Psoas, Latissimus Dorsi, Upper Trapezius, Mid/Lower Trapezius, Pectoralis Major, Teres Major, and the Scalenes.
4. EXERCISE SELECTION & PROGRESSIONS
You are responsible for knowing how to progress or regress any exercise in the book. I didn’t read all of the progressions and regressions listed on each exercise, but the ones I did pay attention to are the ones shown in the CPT eTeach videos. I put a sticky note by each one, listing the progression or regression that was mentioned.
You also need to be familiar with each exercise described in the book an which type of exercise it is. For example, you need to know that a Single-Leg Squat Touchdown is not only a balance-strength exercise, but also a form of functional flexibility and dynamic stretching.
4. BEHAVIORAL & LIFESTYLE
I didn’t study this section as much, but there are several questions on the test about these things, so pay attention.
Know the Stages of Change and what each of the 5 stages are in depth.
- Precontemplation – Hasn’t begun working out and doesn’t plan to become active within the next 6 months.
- Contemplation – Hasn’t begun exercising but is considering becoming active in the next 6 months.
- Preparation – Exercises occasionally and is planning to begin exercising more regularly in the next month.
- Action – Exercises regularly but has not yet maintained the behavior for 6 months.
- Maintenance – Maintained change for 6 months, but still tempted to return to old habits.
There was one or two questions on my test about calculating income and the 10 steps to success in Chapter 20.
It is also beneficial to know the behavioral strategies for exercise adherence listed at the end of Chapter 19.
5. CODE OF CONDUCT
There are several test questions regarding the code of conduct.
Know that a personal trainer must keep client records for 4 years.
Personal trainers must keep adequate liability insurance.
Also know what is within and not within a personal trainer’s scope of practice.
OTHER IMPORTANT CONCEPTS
The following topics were turned into test questions on my exam:
- How many calories/gram of each macronutrient
- Side effects of ingesting excess vitamin A, E, D, B6, calcium and zinc
- Energy systems (ATP-PC, Glycolysis, Oxidative)
- Types of flexibility & stretching techniques
- Definitions throughout the textbook
- Cardiorespiratory assessments
- SAID Principle and General Adaptation Syndrome
- Types of specificity
- FITTE factors
- Planes of motion
- Balance proprioceptive progressions
- Muscle fiber types
- Muscles as movers
- Heart rate zones
- Heart rate assessment
- Hypertension blood pressure
- Path of blood through the heart
- Special populations (youth client progressions)
- Essential amino acids
- Symptoms of dehydration
- Hydration levels for male/female
- Recommended fat intake
This is not a complete list. Refer to the NASM Study Guide for all of the information covered on the exam.
THE ULTIMATE STUDY GUIDE & FREE PRACTICE TEST
Because consistently writing information down helps me to remember it, I created the ultimate study guide practice test – a 58 paged, 412 question test pulling information from practice tests, the NASM study guide, CPT eTeach videos, and important textbook information, and compiled them into one Ultimate Practice Test. It is comprised of short-answer, multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, and matching questions.
There are textbook page numbers associated with a large amount of the questions shown in parenthesis.
Please enjoy it!
As a disclaimer, this study guide was created by me to help me study and isn’t intended to be a sole representation of what will be on the test. It was not created by NASM or it’s affiliates.
Let me know what you thought of the study guide and how you felt about taking the test! Which questions were on your exam!?